The Indus River System ( Lake Mansarovar→ J&K→Pakistan) It rises in Tibet near Lake Mansarovar/ Mapam. Consequently, this paper seeks to demonstrate that India and Pakistan remain interdependent in managing their Indus River system and for over 40 years, they have sustained active cooperation. [72] In response to the levees construction, the river has been aggrading rapidly over the last 20 years leading to breaches upstream of barrages and inundation of large areas.[73]. It has a large number of tributaries in both India and Pakistan and has a total length of about 2897 km from the source to the point near Karachi where it falls into the Arabian Sea out of which approx 700km lies in India. [35], The Indus River basin has a high diversity, being the home of more than 180 freshwater fish species,[36] including 22 which are found nowhere else. The Induan Age at start of the Triassic Period of geological time is named for the Indus region. The Indus river system forms a link between two large natural reservoirs, the snow and glaciers in the mountains and the groundwater contained by the alluvium in the Indus plains of the Sindh and Punjab Provinces of Pakistan (Ojeh, 2006). 11 January, 2021. They each developed their own system of writing. [66] The floods caused considerable damage; an estimated 434 civilians were killed, with 5.3 million people and 1,524,773 homes affected. km (in India it is 321, 289 sq. The Indus Valley Civilisation extended from across northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India,[25] with an upward reach from east of Jhelum River to Ropar on the upper Sutlej. By 2600 BCE, dozens of towns and cities had been established, and between 2500 and 2000 BCE the Indus … Finally, the river emerges out of the mountains near Attock where it receiv… The Sindh Environmental Protection Agency has ordered polluting factories around the river to shut down under the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997. The Indus river has two main tributaries, the Kabul on the right bank and the Panjnad on the left. The Indus river feeds the Indus submarine fan, which is the second largest sediment body on the Earth. Submitted by: WIQAR AHMAD. [5] The Indus is the longest river of Pakistan.[6]. The Indus river system consists of glaciers and snows as it has tributaries that flow through the glaciers of Himalayas, Karakoram ranges and the Hindu Kush mountain ranges. ISLAMABAD, (UrduPoint / Pakistan Point News - 18th May, 2020 ) :Indus River System Authority (IRSA) Monday released 209,000 cusecs water from various rim stations with inflow of 201,300 cusecs.. The Indus River came into the knowledge of the West early in the classical period, when King Darius of Persia sent his Greek subject Scylax of Caryanda to explore the river, c. 515 BC. It drains an area of 11,65,500 Qin Dahe, the former head of the China Meteorological Administration, said the recent fast pace of melting and warmer temperatures will be good for agriculture and tourism in the short term, but issued a strong warning: "There is insufficient data to say what will happen to the Indus," says David Grey, the World Bank's senior water advisor in South Asia. The rain continued for the next two months, devastating large areas of Pakistan. Modern irrigation engineering work commenced about 1850, and, during the period of British administration, large canal systems were constructed. Studies of the sediment in the modern river indicate that the Karakoram Mountains in northern Pakistan and India are the single most important source of material, with the Himalayas providing the next largest contribution, mostly via the large rivers of the Punjab (Jhelum, Ravi, Chenab, Beas and Sutlej). The Indus River (called Sindhū in Sanskrit with cognates in most Indic languages) is one of the main rivers of the Indo-Gangetic Plain in the Indian subcontinent. The Indus is the most important supplier of water resources to the Punjab and Sindh plains – it forms the backbone of agriculture and food production in Pakistan. Video of River Indus at Kotri Barrage, Sindh, Pakistan. The large delta has been recognized by conservationists as an important ecological region. 3,249 km (2,019 mi) actual as mentioned in History Books. - Being the 12th largest river in the world, the Indus originates near lake Manasarovar which is to the north of the Himalayan range. For other uses, see, Satellite image of the Indus River basin in, sfn error: no target: CITEREFParpola2015 (, water control treaty signed between India and Pakistan in 1960, "Indus water flow data in to reservoirs of Pakistan", "Early Indian history: Linguistic and textual parameters", The Reconstruction of Prehistoric South Asian Language Contact, "564 Charul Bharwada & Vinay Mahajan, Lost and forgotten: grasslands and pastoralists of Gujarat", "Indus re-enters India after two centuries, feeds Little Rann, Nal Sarovar", "Was the Ramayana actually set in and around today's Afghanistan? The important facts about the rivers are a. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. Reported 18 August 2009", "SEPA orders polluting factory to stop production", "Fishing poison killing Indus dolphins, PA told", "Threat to dolphin: Govt bans fishing between Guddu and Sukkur", "Almost all plastic in the ocean comes from just 10 rivers - 30.11.2017", "Export of Plastic Debris by Rivers into the Sea", "Asia flooding plunges millions into misery", "Pakistan issues flooding 'red alert' for Sindh province", "BBC News – Pakistan floods: World Bank to lend $900m for recovery", "BBC News – Millions of Pakistan children at risk of flood diseases", "Pakistan floods: Oxfam launches emergency aid response", Government of Pakistan Retrieved on 19 September 2011, "PM okays Indus river barrage to mitigate water woes", "Center announces Rs125bn Sindh barrage project", "Government to launch Kandhkot-Ghotki bridge over River Indus next month: Sindh CM", "Restore Pakistan's rivers, handle floods, droughts and climate change", "Pakistan: Getting More from Water (see Page 50)", Learn how and when to remove this template message, Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law, Indus River watershed map (World Resources Institute), First raft and kayak descents of the Indus headwaters in Tibet, Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting's project on water issues in South Asia, Sanitation of the Indus Valley Civilisation, Inventions of the Indus Valley Civilisation,, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from September 2010, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia external links cleanup from April 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. To account for the maintenance of this cooperation the paper argues that it is necessary to consider the design of the Permanent Indus Commission, an institution established to manage the Indus River. The Rigveda describes several rivers, including one named "Sindhu". The river systems provide irrigation, potable water, cheap transportation, electricity, and the livelihoods for a large number of people all over the country. The Zanskar River, which flows into the Indus in Ladakh, has a greater volume of water than the Indus itself before that point.[24]. "But we need to be concerned about that. The gradient of the river is also gentle here. The Government of Pakistan established the Indus River System Authority in the year_____? The population of fish in the river is moderately high, with Sukkur, Thatta, and Kotri being the major fishing centres – all in the lower Sindh course. "But we all have very nasty fears that the flows of the Indus could be severely, severely affected by glacier melt as a consequence of climate change," and reduced by perhaps as much as 50 percent. 11,65,000 Sq. Indus River • India got her name from Indus. Indus River System. It is one of the longest rivers in the world, with a length of some 2,000 miles (3,200 km). The British supervised the construction of one of the most complex irrigation networks in the world. Printable Blank India Outline Map for UPSC Preparation | How to Study India Outline Map for UPSC IAS Exam? before the collision of Indian Plate with the Eurasian plate. Its estimated annual flow averages 58 cubic miles, making it the twenty-first largest liver in the world in terms of annual flow. The Guddu Barrage is 1,350 m (4,430 ft) long – irrigating Sukkur, Jacobabad, Larkana and Kalat. Login here × Reset your password River Zaskar 8. The Indus people needed river water to drink, wash and to irrigate their fields. It forms a picturesque gorge in this part. Himalayan River Systems. ", 10.1130/0016-7606(2001)113<1039:DOTIFA>2.0.CO;2, "Crustal reworking at Nanga Parbat, Pakistan: Metamorphic consequences of thermal-mechanical coupling facilitated by erosion", "Corona effect: Only Sindhis allowed for Sindhu Darshan Fest", "The Genetic Ancestry of Modern Indus Valley Populations from Northwest India", "Indus Delta, Pakistan: economic costs of reduction in freshwater flow", International Union for Conservation of Nature, "Pakistan's water economy: getting the balance right", "Pakistan's floodwaters welcomed along Indus delta", "River basin development phases and implications of closure", "Integrated Water Resource Systems: Theory and Policy Implications", "Technology Breakthroughs for Global Water Security: A Deep Dive into South Asia", "Global warming benefits to Tibet: Chinese official.

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